If it rains, what will you do? Well, if it rains, I’ll take my umbrella with me. It’s not as colourful as the one in the picture, but it will keep me dry. ‘If it rains, I will take my umbrella’ is an example of a first conditional sentence. We mainly use first conditionals to talk about possible future situations, and their results. Listen to 6 Minute Grammar to hear more examples. Neil Hello. Welcome to 6 Minute Grammar with me, Neil. Sophie And me, Sophie. Hello. Neil Today we’re talking about the first conditional. Sophie Yes, the first conditional. We’ll be looking at why and when we use it. Neil We’ll see how to make it… Sophie There’ll be a very helpful pronunciation tip… Neil And there’ll be a quiz at the end of the show, so keep listening! Sophie OK, let’s start with why and when. We use the first conditional to talk about possible future situations - and their possible results. Here’s Catherine with our first example: Catherine If I lose my umbrella, I will buy another one. Sophie Thanks, Catherine. A weather-related example there: If I lose my umbrella, I will buy another one. Neil And it’s made of two parts. The first part describes a possible future situation, and it’s made from if plus the present simple: If I lose my umbrella… Sophie …and the second part is the result part. It’s made of will plus an infinitive. I will buy another one. Can you put them both together now please Catherine. Catherine If I lose my umbrella, I will buy another one. Neil Thanks, Catherine. Here are some more examples. Catherine If I visit Mexico, I will stay with my friends. They will go to the beach if it’s sunny. If Michal passes his exams, we’ll have a party for him. Neil So that’s the first conditional: if plus present simple, with will plus an infinitive, to talk about a possible future situation and its possible result. Sophie That’s right. But if we’re not sure if the result part will actually happen, we can use might instead of will. Catherine. Catherine If I lose my umbrella, I might buy another one. Neil I might buy you dinner tonight, Sophie, if you’re nice to me! Sophie Well, I’m always nice, Neil. So that’s might instead of will – when we’re not certain about the future result. Neil But if we’re sure that the future situation will happen, we can change if to when, like this: Catherine When I lose my umbrella, I’ll buy another one. Sophie You should always look after your umbrellas, Catherine. Ok, let’s look at using should for advice in a first conditional sentence. Catherine You shouldn’t use the kettle if it isn’t working properly. Sophie So the result part comes first. We have a modal verb, shouldn’t, and we use this to give advice: Don’t use the kettle! The if part gives the possible future situation: The kettle isn’t working. Neil But how are we going to make the tea if the kettle’s broken? I haven’t had a cup all morning! Sophie I’ll do my best to fix it, Neil. Now for a pronunciation tip. In our examples about umbrellas, the two words I will can be shortened to I’ll. Here’s Catherine with the long and short versions of I will. Listen carefully. Catherine If I lose my umbrella, I will buy another one. If I lose my umbrella, I’ll buy another one. Neil I will buy… I’ll buy. So will is shortened to just a /l/ sound. Here are some more examples: Catherine They will go to the beach if it’s sunny. They’ll go to the beach if it’s sunny. If Michal passes his exams, we will have a party for him. If Michal passes his exams, we’ll have a party for him. Sophie And we’re talking about the first conditional. Neil And it’s time for a quiz! Decide if these sentences are right or wrong. Sophie will give you the answers. Number one. If William wakes up late, he miss the school bus. Sophie And this sentence is wrong: the if part is correct; but will is missing from the result part. Here’s the correct sentence, with a short will: If William wakes up late, he’ll miss the school bus. Neil Great. Another one: I’ll visit Central Park if I go to New York. Sophie This sentence is correct! Neil And the last one: I might go to the doctor if I won’t feel better tomorrow. Sophie This sentence has the future form won’t in the if part - and that’s wrong. The correct sentence needs present simple in the if part, so: I might go to the doctor if I don’t feel better tomorrow. Neil Well done if you got those right at home. Now, before we go, here’s a top tip for using the first conditional correctly – you only need one will, and it’s never in the if part. Here’s a wrong example: Catherine If I will see Peter on Saturday, I will tell him to call you. Sophie If I will see… I will tell him – two wills – that’s got to be wrong. Let’s have a correct version please, Catherine. Catherine If I see Peter on Saturday, I’ll tell him to call you. Neil That’s much better. Only one will and it isn’t in the if part. Sophie So that’s the first conditional. It’s made of if plus the present simple, with will plus the infinitive. Neil And we mainly use it to talk about a possible situation in the future and its results. Both Bye.