We often assume that most inventors are men. This lesson
challenges this assumption and shows that women were
responsible for several significant inventions ofthe last
century. The lesson begins with Listening where Sts hear
a radio programme about five everyday items invented
by women. These inventions provide the context for the
introduction of the present and past forms ofthe passive
in Grammar. In Reading and Vocabulary the focus is
on verbs which are frequently used in the passive, e.g.
designed, discovered, based (on), which leads into reading
where Sts read some interesting and amusing facts about
how some other famous things came to be invented. This
is followed by a pronunciation focus on the /J7 sound, the
pronunciation o f-ed in past participles, and sentence stress
in passive sentences. The lesson ends with Speaking, where
Sts ask each other quiz questions. The title of the lesson
echoes the famous saying of the Greek philosopher, Plato,
‘Necessity is the mother of invention.’

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In this lesson Sts learn to use used to to talk about repeated
past actions, and the main context is school experiences.
The lesson begins with a vocabulary focus on school
subjects. Then Sts read some extracts from some famous
people’s school reports, which are used to present the
grammar of used to j didn’t use to. This is followed by
a pronunciation focus on how to pronounce the new
language. In Listening Sts listen to six people talking
about their memories of school, which leads into Speaking
where Sts talk about their own experiences at primary or
secondary school.

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This lesson presents the modal verb might used to express
possibility through the context of a person who is very
indecisive. The lesson begins with grammar and a dialogue
between Adrian (‘Mr Indecisive’) and his friend, Tina.
In the Grammar Bank Sts see that may is an alternative
to might although this is not practised in the lesson. In
Pronunciation Sts work on some common diphthongs.
Then in Speaking they interview each other to find out
whether they are indecisive and this leads into reading
an article which asks whether there is too much choice in
today’s world. Finally, in. Vocabulary Sts get some practice
in word building (formation of nouns).

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